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NonEmptyArray overview

Data structure which represents non-empty arrays.

export type NonEmptyArray<A> = Array<A> & {
  0: A
}

Note that you don’t need any conversion, a NonEmptyArray is an Array, so all Array’s APIs can be used with a NonEmptyArray without further ado.

Added in v2.0.0


Table of contents


Alt

alt

Identifies an associative operation on a type constructor. It is similar to Semigroup, except that it applies to types of kind * -> *.

Signature

export declare const alt: <A>(that: Lazy<NonEmptyArray<A>>) => (fa: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<A>

Added in v2.6.2

altW

Less strict version of alt.

Signature

export declare const altW: <B>(that: Lazy<NonEmptyArray<B>>) => <A>(as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<B | A>

Added in v2.9.0

Apply

ap

Apply a function to an argument under a type constructor.

Signature

export declare const ap: <A>(as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => <B>(fab: NonEmptyArray<(a: A) => B>) => NonEmptyArray<B>

Added in v2.0.0

Extend

extend

Signature

export declare const extend: <A, B>(f: (as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => B) => (as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<B>

Added in v2.0.0

Foldable

reduce

Signature

export declare const reduce: <A, B>(b: B, f: (b: B, a: A) => B) => (fa: NonEmptyArray<A>) => B

Added in v2.0.0

reduceRight

Signature

export declare const reduceRight: <A, B>(b: B, f: (a: A, b: B) => B) => (fa: NonEmptyArray<A>) => B

Added in v2.0.0

FoldableWithIndex

reduceRightWithIndex

Signature

export declare const reduceRightWithIndex: <A, B>(b: B, f: (i: number, a: A, b: B) => B) => (fa: NonEmptyArray<A>) => B

Added in v2.0.0

reduceWithIndex

Signature

export declare const reduceWithIndex: <A, B>(b: B, f: (i: number, b: B, a: A) => B) => (fa: NonEmptyArray<A>) => B

Added in v2.0.0

Functor

map

map can be used to turn functions (a: A) => B into functions (fa: F<A>) => F<B> whose argument and return types use the type constructor F to represent some computational context.

Signature

export declare const map: <A, B>(f: (a: A) => B) => (as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<B>

Added in v2.0.0

FunctorWithIndex

mapWithIndex

Signature

export declare const mapWithIndex: <A, B>(f: (i: number, a: A) => B) => (as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<B>

Added in v2.0.0

Monad

chain

Composes computations in sequence, using the return value of one computation to determine the next computation.

Signature

export declare const chain: <A, B>(f: (a: A) => NonEmptyArray<B>) => (ma: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<B>

Added in v2.0.0

Pointed

of

Signature

export declare const of: <A>(a: A) => NonEmptyArray<A>

Added in v2.0.0

combinators

apFirst

Combine two effectful actions, keeping only the result of the first.

Derivable from Apply.

Signature

export declare const apFirst: <B>(second: NonEmptyArray<B>) => <A>(first: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<A>

Added in v2.5.0

apSecond

Combine two effectful actions, keeping only the result of the second.

Derivable from Apply.

Signature

export declare const apSecond: <B>(second: NonEmptyArray<B>) => <A>(first: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<B>

Added in v2.5.0

chainFirst

Composes computations in sequence, using the return value of one computation to determine the next computation and keeping only the result of the first.

Derivable from Chain.

Signature

export declare const chainFirst: <A, B>(f: (a: A) => NonEmptyArray<B>) => (first: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<A>

Added in v2.5.0

chainWithIndex

Signature

export declare const chainWithIndex: <A, B>(
  f: (i: number, a: A) => NonEmptyArray<B>
) => (as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<B>

Added in v2.10.0

chop

Signature

export declare const chop: <A, B>(f: (as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => [B, A[]]) => (as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<B>

Added in v2.10.0

chunksOf

Signature

export declare const chunksOf: (n: number) => <A>(as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<NonEmptyArray<A>>

Added in v2.10.0

concat

Signature

export declare function concat<A>(first: Array<A>, second: NonEmptyArray<A>): NonEmptyArray<A>
export declare function concat<A>(first: NonEmptyArray<A>, second: Array<A>): NonEmptyArray<A>

Added in v2.2.0

copy

Signature

export declare const copy: <A>(as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<A>

Added in v2.0.0

duplicate

Derivable from Extend.

Signature

export declare const duplicate: <A>(ma: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<NonEmptyArray<A>>

Added in v2.5.0

flap

Derivable from Functor.

Signature

export declare const flap: <A>(a: A) => <B>(fab: NonEmptyArray<(a: A) => B>) => NonEmptyArray<B>

Added in v2.10.0

flatten

Derivable from Chain.

Signature

export declare const flatten: <A>(mma: NonEmptyArray<NonEmptyArray<A>>) => NonEmptyArray<A>

Added in v2.5.0

foldMap

Signature

export declare const foldMap: <S>(S: Se.Semigroup<S>) => <A>(f: (a: A) => S) => (fa: NonEmptyArray<A>) => S

Added in v2.0.0

foldMapWithIndex

Signature

export declare const foldMapWithIndex: <S>(
  S: Se.Semigroup<S>
) => <A>(f: (i: number, a: A) => S) => (fa: NonEmptyArray<A>) => S

Added in v2.0.0

group

Group equal, consecutive elements of an array into non empty arrays.

Signature

export declare function group<B>(
  E: Eq<B>
): {
  <A extends B>(as: NonEmptyArray<A>): NonEmptyArray<NonEmptyArray<A>>
  <A extends B>(as: Array<A>): Array<NonEmptyArray<A>>
}

Example

import { group } from 'fp-ts/NonEmptyArray'
import * as N from 'fp-ts/number'

assert.deepStrictEqual(group(N.Ord)([1, 2, 1, 1]), [[1], [2], [1, 1]])

Added in v2.0.0

groupBy

Splits an array into sub-non-empty-arrays stored in an object, based on the result of calling a string-returning function on each element, and grouping the results according to values returned

Signature

export declare const groupBy: <A>(f: (a: A) => string) => (as: A[]) => Record<string, NonEmptyArray<A>>

Example

import { groupBy } from 'fp-ts/NonEmptyArray'

assert.deepStrictEqual(groupBy((s: string) => String(s.length))(['a', 'b', 'ab']), {
  '1': ['a', 'b'],
  '2': ['ab'],
})

Added in v2.0.0

groupSort

Sort and then group the elements of an array into non empty arrays.

Signature

export declare function groupSort<B>(
  O: Ord<B>
): {
  <A extends B>(as: NonEmptyArray<A>): NonEmptyArray<NonEmptyArray<A>>
  <A extends B>(as: Array<A>): Array<NonEmptyArray<A>>
}

Example

import { groupSort } from 'fp-ts/NonEmptyArray'
import * as N from 'fp-ts/number'

assert.deepStrictEqual(groupSort(N.Ord)([1, 2, 1, 1]), [[1, 1, 1], [2]])

Added in v2.0.0

insertAt

Signature

export declare const insertAt: <A>(i: number, a: A) => (as: A[]) => O.Option<NonEmptyArray<A>>

Added in v2.0.0

intersperse

Places an element in between members of an array

Signature

export declare const intersperse: <A>(middle: A) => (as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<A>

Example

import { intersperse } from 'fp-ts/NonEmptyArray'

assert.deepStrictEqual(intersperse(9)([1, 2, 3, 4]), [1, 9, 2, 9, 3, 9, 4])

Added in v2.9.0

modifyAt

Signature

export declare const modifyAt: <A>(i: number, f: (a: A) => A) => (as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => O.Option<NonEmptyArray<A>>

Added in v2.0.0

prependAll

Prepend an element to every member of an array

Signature

export declare const prependAll: <A>(middle: A) => (as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<A>

Example

import { prependAll } from 'fp-ts/NonEmptyArray'

assert.deepStrictEqual(prependAll(9)([1, 2, 3, 4]), [9, 1, 9, 2, 9, 3, 9, 4])

Added in v2.10.0

reverse

Signature

export declare const reverse: <A>(as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<A>

Added in v2.0.0

sort

Signature

export declare const sort: <B>(O: Ord<B>) => <A extends B>(as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<A>

Added in v2.0.0

splitAt

Splits a NonEmptyArray into two pieces, the first piece has max n elements.

Signature

export declare const splitAt: (n: number) => <A>(as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => [NonEmptyArray<A>, A[]]

Added in v2.10.0

unzip

Signature

export declare const unzip: <A, B>(abs: NonEmptyArray<[A, B]>) => [NonEmptyArray<A>, NonEmptyArray<B>]

Added in v2.5.1

updateAt

Signature

export declare const updateAt: <A>(i: number, a: A) => (as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => O.Option<NonEmptyArray<A>>

Added in v2.0.0

zip

Signature

export declare function zip<B>(bs: NonEmptyArray<B>): <A>(as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<[A, B]>
export declare function zip<A, B>(as: NonEmptyArray<A>, bs: NonEmptyArray<B>): NonEmptyArray<[A, B]>

Added in v2.5.1

zipWith

Signature

export declare const zipWith: <A, B, C>(
  as: NonEmptyArray<A>,
  bs: NonEmptyArray<B>,
  f: (a: A, b: B) => C
) => NonEmptyArray<C>

Added in v2.5.1

filterWithIndex

Use filterWithIndex instead.

Signature

export declare const filterWithIndex: <A>(
  predicate: (i: number, a: A) => boolean
) => (as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => O.Option<NonEmptyArray<A>>

Added in v2.0.0

filter

Use filter instead.

Signature

export declare function filter<A, B extends A>(
  refinement: Refinement<A, B>
): (as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => Option<NonEmptyArray<B>>
export declare function filter<A>(predicate: Predicate<A>): (as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => Option<NonEmptyArray<A>>

Added in v2.0.0

prependToAll

Use prependAll instead.

Signature

export declare const prependToAll: <A>(middle: A) => (as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<A>

Added in v2.9.0

constructors

fromArray

Builds a NonEmptyArray from an Array returning none if as is an empty array

Signature

export declare const fromArray: <A>(as: A[]) => O.Option<NonEmptyArray<A>>

Added in v2.0.0

fromReadonlyNonEmptyArray

Signature

export declare const fromReadonlyNonEmptyArray: <A>(as: RNEA.ReadonlyNonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<A>

Added in v2.10.0

cons

Use prepend instead.

Signature

export declare function cons<A>(head: A): (tail: Array<A>) => NonEmptyArray<A>
export declare function cons<A>(head: A, tail: Array<A>): NonEmptyArray<A>

Added in v2.0.0

snoc

Use append instead.

Signature

export declare const snoc: <A>(init: A[], end: A) => NonEmptyArray<A>

Added in v2.0.0

destructors

unappend

Return the tuple of the init and the last.

Signature

export declare const unappend: <A>(as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => [A[], A]

Example

import { unappend } from 'fp-ts/NonEmptyArray'

assert.deepStrictEqual(unappend([1, 2, 3, 4]), [[1, 2, 3], 4])

Added in v2.9.0

unprepend

Return the tuple of the head and the tail.

Signature

export declare const unprepend: <A>(as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => [A, A[]]

Example

import { unprepend } from 'fp-ts/NonEmptyArray'

assert.deepStrictEqual(unprepend([1, 2, 3]), [1, [2, 3]])

Added in v2.9.0

uncons

Use unprepend instead.

Signature

export declare const uncons: <A>(as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => [A, A[]]

Added in v2.9.0

unsnoc

Use unappend instead.

Signature

export declare const unsnoc: <A>(as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => [A[], A]

Added in v2.9.0

instances

Alt

Signature

export declare const Alt: Alt1<'NonEmptyArray'>

Added in v2.7.0

Applicative

Signature

export declare const Applicative: Applicative1<'NonEmptyArray'>

Added in v2.7.0

Apply

Signature

export declare const Apply: Apply1<'NonEmptyArray'>

Added in v2.10.0

Chain

Signature

export declare const Chain: Chain1<'NonEmptyArray'>

Added in v2.10.0

Comonad

Signature

export declare const Comonad: Comonad1<'NonEmptyArray'>

Added in v2.7.0

Foldable

Signature

export declare const Foldable: Foldable1<'NonEmptyArray'>

Added in v2.7.0

FoldableWithIndex

Signature

export declare const FoldableWithIndex: FoldableWithIndex1<'NonEmptyArray', number>

Added in v2.7.0

Functor

Signature

export declare const Functor: Functor1<'NonEmptyArray'>

Added in v2.7.0

FunctorWithIndex

Signature

export declare const FunctorWithIndex: FunctorWithIndex1<'NonEmptyArray', number>

Added in v2.7.0

Monad

Signature

export declare const Monad: Monad1<'NonEmptyArray'>

Added in v2.7.0

Pointed

Signature

export declare const Pointed: Pointed1<'NonEmptyArray'>

Added in v2.10.0

Traversable

Signature

export declare const Traversable: Traversable1<'NonEmptyArray'>

Added in v2.7.0

TraversableWithIndex

Signature

export declare const TraversableWithIndex: TraversableWithIndex1<'NonEmptyArray', number>

Added in v2.7.0

URI

Signature

export declare const URI: 'NonEmptyArray'

Added in v2.0.0

URI (type alias)

Signature

export type URI = typeof URI

Added in v2.0.0

getEq

Signature

export declare const getEq: <A>(E: Eq<A>) => Eq<NonEmptyArray<A>>

Example

import { getEq } from 'fp-ts/NonEmptyArray'
import * as N from 'fp-ts/number'

const E = getEq(N.Eq)
assert.strictEqual(E.equals([1, 2], [1, 2]), true)
assert.strictEqual(E.equals([1, 2], [1, 3]), false)

Added in v2.0.0

getSemigroup

Builds a Semigroup instance for NonEmptyArray

Signature

export declare const getSemigroup: <A = never>() => Se.Semigroup<NonEmptyArray<A>>

Added in v2.0.0

getShow

Signature

export declare const getShow: <A>(S: Show<A>) => Show<NonEmptyArray<A>>

Added in v2.0.0

nonEmptyArray

Use small, specific instances instead.

Signature

export declare const nonEmptyArray: Monad1<'NonEmptyArray'> &
  Comonad1<'NonEmptyArray'> &
  TraversableWithIndex1<'NonEmptyArray', number> &
  FunctorWithIndex1<'NonEmptyArray', number> &
  FoldableWithIndex1<'NonEmptyArray', number> &
  Alt1<'NonEmptyArray'>

Added in v2.0.0

model

NonEmptyArray (interface)

Signature

export interface NonEmptyArray<A> extends Array<A> {
  // tslint:disable-next-line: readonly-keyword
  0: A
}

Added in v2.0.0

utils

Do

Signature

export declare const Do: NonEmptyArray<{}>

Added in v2.9.0

apS

Signature

export declare const apS: <N, A, B>(
  name: Exclude<N, keyof A>,
  fb: NonEmptyArray<B>
) => (fa: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<{ readonly [K in N | keyof A]: K extends keyof A ? A[K] : B }>

Added in v2.8.0

bind

Signature

export declare const bind: <N, A, B>(
  name: Exclude<N, keyof A>,
  f: (a: A) => NonEmptyArray<B>
) => (ma: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<{ readonly [K in N | keyof A]: K extends keyof A ? A[K] : B }>

Added in v2.8.0

bindTo

Signature

export declare const bindTo: <N>(name: N) => <A>(fa: NonEmptyArray<A>) => NonEmptyArray<{ readonly [K in N]: A }>

Added in v2.8.0

concatAll

Signature

export declare const concatAll: <A>(S: Se.Semigroup<A>) => (as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => A

Added in v2.10.0

extract

Signature

export declare const extract: <A>(wa: NonEmptyArray<A>) => A

Added in v2.7.0

Signature

export declare const head: <A>(nea: NonEmptyArray<A>) => A

Added in v2.0.0

init

Get all but the last element of a non empty array, creating a new array.

Signature

export declare const init: <A>(as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => A[]

Example

import { init } from 'fp-ts/NonEmptyArray'

assert.deepStrictEqual(init([1, 2, 3]), [1, 2])
assert.deepStrictEqual(init([1]), [])

Added in v2.2.0

last

Signature

export declare const last: <A>(nea: NonEmptyArray<A>) => A

Added in v2.0.0

max

Signature

export declare const max: <A>(ord: Ord<A>) => (nea: NonEmptyArray<A>) => A

Added in v2.0.0

min

Signature

export declare const min: <A>(ord: Ord<A>) => (nea: NonEmptyArray<A>) => A

Added in v2.0.0

sequence

Signature

export declare const sequence: Sequence1<'NonEmptyArray'>

Added in v2.6.3

tail

Signature

export declare const tail: <A>(as: NonEmptyArray<A>) => A[]

Added in v2.0.0

traverse

Signature

export declare const traverse: PipeableTraverse1<'NonEmptyArray'>

Added in v2.6.3

traverseWithIndex

Signature

export declare const traverseWithIndex: PipeableTraverseWithIndex1<'NonEmptyArray', number>

Added in v2.6.3

fold

Use concatAll instead.

Signature

export declare const fold: <A>(S: Se.Semigroup<A>) => (fa: NonEmptyArray<A>) => A

Added in v2.5.0